Create Alert Message using Laravel Component with Alpine.js

CSS - tailwindcss
3 months ago SETHA THAY 550
Create Alert Message using Laravel Component with Alpine.js

In recent laravel updates, there is a new tool in the blade view engine called components. it is similar and benefits to sections, layouts, and includes; however, some may find the mental model of components are easier to understand. There are two approaches to writing components: class-based components and anonymous components. In this post, we are going to do class-based components.

STEP 1: New Laravel 8

Follow this guideline from the official laravel website https://laravel.com/docs/8.x/installation to install. In my case, I use composer to set up a new laravel project.

composer create-project laravel/laravel example-app

cd example-app

php artisan serve

STEP2: Create route, controller, and view

  • Create a new route in routes\web.app
Route::get('/dashboard', 'App\Http\Controllers\DashboardController@getIndex');
  • Create new DashboardController using artisan command

php artisan make:controller DashboardController
<?php

namespace App\Http\Controllers;

use Illuminate\Http\Request;
use Session;

class DashboardController extends Controller
{
    public function getIndex(Request $request){
        Session::flash('alert_message', 'It is a long established fact that a reader will be distracted by the readable content of a page when looking at its layout. The point of using Lorem Ipsum is that it has a more-or-less normal distribution of letters, as opposed to using Content here, content here, making it look like readable English.');
        return view('dashboard');
    }
}
  • Create a blade view to display an alert message
<!DOCTYPE html>
<html lang="{{ str_replace('_', '-', app()->getLocale()) }}">
    <head>
        <meta charset="utf-8">
        <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1">

        <title>Alert Component</title>

        <!-- Fonts -->
        <link href="https://fonts.googleapis.com/css2?family=Nunito:wght@400;600;700&display=swap" rel="stylesheet">

        <!-- tailwindcss -->
        <link href="https://unpkg.com/tailwindcss@^2/dist/tailwind.min.css" rel="stylesheet">

        <style>
            body {
                font-family: 'Nunito', sans-serif;
            }
        </style>
    </head>
    <body>

        @if(session('alert_message'))
            <x-alert></x-alert>
        @endif

    </body>
</html>    

STEP3: Create a simple alert component

  • Using artisan command to create a component (this is a class-based component)
php arisan make:component Alert

You will receive two files

  1. Alert.php inside folder app\View\Components
  2. alert.blade.php inside folder resources\views\components\
  • Design your alert component using tailwindcss
<div class="fixed inset-0 z-50 bg-black bg-opacity-80 flex items-center justify-center p-8">
    <div class="bg-yellow-400 w-full md:w-1/2 rounded-xl p-8">
        <h3 class="text-3xl">Alert</h3>
        <div class="mt-4">
            {{ session('alert_message') }}
        </div>
        <button class="mt-8 inline-flex items-center px-4 py-2 bg-gray-800 border border-transparent rounded-md 
        font-semibold text-xs text-white uppercase tracking-widest hover:bg-gray-700 active:bg-gray-900 
        focus:outline-none focus:border-gray-900 focus:ring ring-gray-300 disabled: opacity-25 transition ease-in-out duration-150">
        Close
        </button>
    </div>
</div>

Here is the result when you viewing in the web browser

create-alert-message-using-laravel-component-with-alpinejs-session-flush

As you can see in the code above, we display the alert by flushing message data using session but in further step, I will show you how we can pass the message string, title, and color to display the alert.

STEP4: Enhanced Alert Component

  • Change the class of alert component to have 3 parameters in the constructor (message, title, and type)
<?php

namespace App\View\Components;

use Illuminate\View\Component;

class Alert extends Component
{

    public $message;
    public $title;
    private $type;

    /**
     * Create a new component instance.
     *
     * @return void
     */
    public function __construct($message = null, $title = null, $type = null)
    {
        //
        $this->message = $message;
        $this->title = $title;
        $this->type = $type;
    }

    public function backgroundCSS(){
        return [
            'error' => 'bg-red-400',
            'success' => 'bg-green-400',
            'warning' => 'bg-yellow-400'
        ][$this->type];
    }

    /**
     * Get the view / contents that represent the component.
     *
     * @return \Illuminate\Contracts\View\View|\Closure|string
     */
    public function render()
    {
        return view('components.alert');
    }
}
  • Modify blade view of the alert component to append accordingly when changing values of the parameters above
<div class="fixed inset-0 z-50 bg-black bg-opacity-80 flex items-center justify-center p-8">
    <div class="{{ $backgroundCSS() }} w-full md:w-1/2 rounded-xl p-8">
        <h3 class="text-3xl">{{ $title }}</h3>
        <div class="mt-4">
            {{ $message }}
        </div>
        <button class="mt-8 inline-flex items-center px-4 py-2 bg-gray-800 border border-transparent rounded-md 
        font-semibold text-xs text-white uppercase tracking-widest hover:bg-gray-700 active:bg-gray-900 
        focus:outline-none focus:border-gray-900 focus:ring ring-gray-300 disabled: opacity-25 transition ease-in-out duration-150">
        Close
        </button>
    </div>
</div>
  • Using alert component with different options as below

<body>

        @if(session('alert_message'))
            <!--<x-alert :message="session('alert_message')" title="Error Title" type="error"></x-alert>-->
            <!--<x-alert :message="session('alert_message')" title="Success Title" type="success"></x-alert>-->
            <x-alert :message="session('alert_message')" title="Warning Title" type="warning"></x-alert>
        @endif

    </body>

STEP5: Alpine.js

  • Include alpine.js from CDN to add an action listener to your close button just like Vue.js
<script src="https://cdn.jsdelivr.net/gh/alpinejs/alpine@v2.x.x/dist/alpine.js" defer></script>
  • Adding data property "show" and event on-click on button close like code below
<div class="fixed inset-0 z-50 bg-black bg-opacity-80 flex items-center justify-center p-8" 
x-data="{show: true}" 
x-show="show">
    <div class="{{ $backgroundCSS() }} w-full md:w-1/2 rounded-xl p-8">
        <h3 class="text-3xl">{{ $title }}</h3>
        <div class="mt-4">
            {{ $message }}
        </div>
        <button class="mt-8 inline-flex items-center px-4 py-2 bg-gray-800 border border-transparent rounded-md 
        font-semibold text-xs text-white uppercase tracking-widest hover:bg-gray-700 active:bg-gray-900 
        focus:outline-none focus:border-gray-900 focus:ring ring-gray-300 disabled: opacity-25 transition ease-in-out duration-150"
        x-on:click="show=false">
        Close
        </button>
    </div>
</div>


That's it and now you will be able to use alert component anywhere inside your laravel project.


About author

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SETHA THAY

Coding lover. I am willing to share my knowledge and 10 years experiences in the IT field. Please feel free to feedback on my post if you found any problems. Thank You.


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